L'ABSINTHE. Le premier verre... Le sixième verre.

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dc.contributor Donated by: Benjamin A. and Julia M. Trustman, 1959.
dc.creator Daumier, Honoré, 1808-1879
dc.date.accessioned 2007-06-08T21:03:37Z
dc.date.available 2007-06-08T21:03:37Z
dc.date.issued 1863
dc.identifier LD3256
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10192/3680
dc.description 2nd state.
dc.description Published in: Le Charivari, December 22, 1863.
dc.description.abstract One man is pouring his first glass of absinthe while his friend has nearly passed out from drinking his sixth glass. It can be assumed that this is one of the first prints Daumier produced after his dismissal from the CHARIVARI before he was hired back on December 18,1863. For three years he was focussing on oil paintings and drawings. According to Provost this restaurant could be the Café Baudequin located on Boulevard des Batignolles in Paris. Many artists like Zola, Cézanne etc. were frequent guests there. LES CHINOIS DE PARIS, a series of 2 prints which appeared in December 1863 in the CHARIVARI. ABOUT ABSINTHE. From the Fairfield County weekly of 2.2.2006, the following observations have been compiled by D. N. Walter about Absinthe. “It is fascinating to learn what a devilish role that absinthe--a liqueur suffused with the psychoactive herb wormwood, among others--played in some of the most prominent scandals of the 19th century worlds of art and literature. Vincent Van Gogh, for example, consumed absinthe on the evening that he famously cut off part of his own ear after arguing with Paul Gauguin in Arles. Absinthe also fuelled the mad escapades of French poets and lovers Arthur Rimbaud and Paul Verlaine. When the younger Rimbaud spurned Verlaine's advances one absinthe-besotted evening in Brussels, Verlaine shot and wounded Rimbaud, and was subsequently imprisoned for several years. Once released from prison, Verlaine swiftly returned to drinking absinthe, and he later became a grotesque object of pity in Parisian cafés, where he pursued absinthe unto death. Oscar Wilde, who drank absinthe heavily after being released from prison in England, also wrote, "After the first glass you see things as you wish they were. After the second, you see things as they are not. Finally, you see things as they really are, and that is the most horrible thing in the world." The word absinthe is derived from the Greek apsinthion , meaning undrinkable. This description stems from the bitter taste of the plant wormwood--the primary psychoactive ingredient in absinthe--whose use in wines and other alcoholic elixirs dates back to ancient Greece. French chemists and physicians who studied absinthe to determine why it had such a deleterious effect upon its addicts discovered that the principal psychoactive ingredient in wormwood oil is thujone, an isomer of camphor, which was an early anaesthetic. Scientists also discovered, however, that some of the other herbs used to mellow the taste of absinthe--such as anise, melissa (a type of mint) and hyssop--also had stupefying effects and contributed to the drink's injurious effects.
dc.format.extent 28.5 x 29 cm
dc.format.extent b&w
dc.format.extent 1 lithograph
dc.publisher Paris, 1863
dc.relation.ispartof Les Chinois de Paris; 2
dc.relation.isreferencedby Delteil. Daumier, 3256
dc.rights Copyright restrictions may apply. For permission to copy or use this image, contact the Robert D. Farber University Archives and Special Collections Department, Brandeis University Libraries.
dc.subject Alcohol
dc.subject Men
dc.subject.lcsh France -- History -- 1848-1870
dc.title L'ABSINTHE. Le premier verre... Le sixième verre.
dc.title.alternative Charivari
dc.title.alternative ABSINTHE. The first glass... the sixth glass.
dc.type still image
dc.rights.license The following credit line must be included with each item used: Benjamin A. and Julia M. Trustman Collection of Honoré Daumier Lithographs, Robert D. Farber University Archives & Special Collections Department, Brandeis University.


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