The Effects of Expected Evaluation and Reward on Motivation and Creativity in Turkish Children

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dc.contributor.advisor Watson, Malcolm
dc.contributor.author Eastman, Jennifer A.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-14T19:48:53Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-14T19:48:53Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10192/23322
dc.description.abstract Research with U.S. samples has consistently found that intrinsic motivation is conducive to producing creative work, while extrinsic motivation is detrimental to producing creative work. The goal of this research was to determine if this remained true in another more collectivist culture. This was a mixed design study in which ninety-four, Turkish elementary-school students participated in two separate creativity tasks within one of four, randomly assigned conditions: intrinsic motivation, expected evaluation, expected individual reward, and expected group reward. Two- way ANOVA was used to search for group difference as well as sex difference in each of the creativity tasks. In the task that was more closely associated with play (the collage making), the intrinsic motivation and expected evaluation conditions produced the highest levels of creativity and the condition difference was driven by the female participants while male participant scores remained relatively flat across all conditions. In the task that was more closely associated with work (storytelling), the expected evaluation and expected group reward conditions produced the highest levels of creativity, while both males and females drove the difference between groups with significantly higher scores among females. These results show clear dissimilarity between responses of Turkish and U.S. populations and imply that much of what has previously been considered universal in the study of motivation, behavior, and creativity, may be culture-specific.
dc.description.sponsorship Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Brandeis University
dc.relation.ispartofseries Brandeis University Theses and Dissertations
dc.rights Copyright by Jennifer Eastman 2009
dc.title The Effects of Expected Evaluation and Reward on Motivation and Creativity in Turkish Children
dc.type Thesis
dc.contributor.department Department of Psychology
dc.degree.name MA
dc.degree.level Masters
dc.degree.discipline Psychology
dc.degree.grantor Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
dc.description.esploro 2


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