Fraternities and Sexual Coercion: A Mediation Analysis

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dc.contributor.advisor Knight, Raymond en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Wright, Ellen en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Sims-Knight, Judith en_US Portnoy, Rachel 2018-01-25T17:02:30Z 2018-01-25T17:02:30Z 2017 en_US
dc.description.abstract Membership in college fraternities has been found to be associated with a higher risk of sexually coercive behavior (e.g., Boeringer, 1996; Frintner & Rubinson, 1993). Alcohol use, hostility toward women, and negative masculinity have been identified as key risk factors for sexually coercive behavior (e.g., Abbey & McAuslan, 2004; Lackie & de Man, 1997; Testa, 2002); they could potentially mediate the relation between fraternity membership and coercion (Kingree & Thompson, 2013). The current study empirically examined the potential mediating roles of Alcohol Use, Hostility toward Women, and Negative Masculinity. It was hypothesized that Fraternity Membership and Sexual Coercion would be related and that these risk factors would significantly mediate this relation for all levels of Sexual Coercion. We analyzed data on 607 undergraduate males at three universities of varying sizes in the United States using the Multidimensional Inventory of Development, Sex and Aggression (MIDSA). We found that fraternity membership did in fact predict sexual coercion. Unexpectedly, Alcohol Use only mediated this relation for the less severe levels of coercion. In contrast, Hostility toward Women mediated across all levels of coercion, whereas Negative Masculinity did not mediate any levels of coercion. Thus, consumption of alcohol and hostile attitudes toward women might play key roles in facilitating sexually coercive behavior, particularly in the fraternity setting. The results from this study can be helpful in designing appropriate sexual-assault prevention programs in university settings. Future replications and expansions of the present study may seek to examine the role of other potential mediators, and it may be worthwhile to break coercion down by strategy rather than severity. Keywords: fraternity, sexual coercion, alcohol, hostility toward women, masculinity en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Brandeis University en_US
dc.rights Copyright by Rachel Portnoy 2017 en_US
dc.title Fraternities and Sexual Coercion: A Mediation Analysis en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.department Department of Psychology en_US BA en_US Bachelors en_US Psychology en_US Brandeis University, College of Arts and Sciences en_US

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