The Effects of Cortisol on Emotional Memory and Age

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dc.contributor.advisor Gutchess, Angela
dc.contributor.author Alves, Alana
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-13T13:17:38Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-13T13:17:38Z
dc.date.issued 2017 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10192/33991
dc.description.abstract Research has shown that we remember emotional information at the expense of surrounding background information, a phenomenon known as the emotional memory tradeoff effect. The stress response, and in particular cortisol, has been shown to both enhance and impair memory performance depending on when it occurs. While previous research has looked at how aging impacts the tradeoff by manipulating valence (positive, negative) and arousal (low to high) of objects and backgrounds, no prior study has looked at the effect of pre-learning cortisol and age on the tradeoff scores. Participants viewed and rated items placed on neutral backgrounds and later recalled both. Cortisol was also collected prior to encoding. Results revealed that higher pre-learning cortisol predicted a larger memory tradeoff for negative items in older adults relative to younger adults. No such interaction emerged for the positive tradeoff effect or in younger adults. These results suggest that the interaction between age and pre-learning cortisol play an important role in affecting the degree to which we remember emotional information. Keywords: tradeoff, emotion, memory, aging, cortisol en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights Copyright by Alana Alves 2017. en
dc.title The Effects of Cortisol on Emotional Memory and Age en
dc.type Thesis
dc.contributor.department Department of Psychology en


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