Oxidation and Solvent Induced Breathing Effects in Cr(BDT)

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dc.contributor.advisor Wade, Casey en_US
dc.contributor.author Voss, Rachel
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-24T14:05:38Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-24T14:05:38Z
dc.date.issued 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10192/33933
dc.description.abstract Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are three-dimensional coordination polymers comprised of organic and inorganic subunits connected by self-assembled metal-ligand bonds. A chromium-based MOF was synthesized by reaction of Cr(CO)6 and 1,4-di(2H-tetrazole-5yl)benzene (H2BDT) under a nitrogen atmosphere. This chromium azolate MOF, Cr(BDT)–DMF, is comprised of chains of chromium atoms bridged by dimethylformamide (DMF) solvent molecules and connected by tetrazolate linker molecules. This material forms rhombus-shaped channels and exhibits framework flexibility, or breathing effects, when external stimuli are applied. The inclusion or exclusion of solvent molecules or oxidation of the chromium centers are two external parameters that can contribute to framework changes. The effects of oxidation state on the framework flexibility of Cr(BDT)–DMF were studied by oxidizing the as synthesized form of Cr(BDT)–DMF with both atmospheric O2 and elemental S8. These materials were then analyzed via powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), infrared (IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and N2 adsorption. Oxidation of the Cr2+ centers with atmospheric O2 resulted in a loss of framework flexibility as shown by N2 adsorption isotherms. In order to study the solvent effects on framework flexibility, suspensions of Cr(BDT)–DMF were soaked in ethanol to form Cr(BDT)–EtOH. This solvent exchange process resulted in changes in framework structure as determined by PXRD. These changes are also readily observed through differences in the shape of the N2 adsorption isotherms measured for the DMF and EtOH-exchanged MOFs and suggest that they experience larger changes in framework structure. en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Brandeis University en_US
dc.rights Copyright by Rachel Voss 2017 en_US
dc.title Oxidation and Solvent Induced Breathing Effects in Cr(BDT) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.department Department of Chemistry en_US
dc.embargo.liftdate 2019-05-24T14:05:38Z
dc.degree.name BS en_US
dc.degree.level Bachelors en_US
dc.degree.discipline Chemistry en_US
dc.degree.grantor Brandeis University, College of Arts and Sciences en_US

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