Eye Gaze as a Measure of the Effects of Syntactic Complexity and Agency Distance on the Speed of Spoken Language Comprehension: A New Paradigm

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dc.contributor.advisor Wingfield, Arthur en_US
dc.contributor.author Sorrentino, Victoria
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-22T20:30:10Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-22T20:30:10Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10192/33916
dc.description.abstract In 1999, Caplan and Waters suggested that basic sentence comprehension is an on-line process that does not draw upon working memory resources. While most spoken language comprehension tasks use off-line measures, the present study additionally examined eye-gaze in a speech comprehension task that manipulated syntactic complexity and agency distance. Participants listened to spoken sentences and were asked to click on the “doer” of the action in each sentence from two choices presented on a computer screen in front of them. Among eighteen younger adults, it was found that the times required to click on the correct answers (overt response times or ORTs) were more affected by the manipulations than the times required to fixate on the correct answers (eye-fixation times or EFTs), and that working memory span had a stronger relationship with on-line responses than off-line responses. These results provide partial support for Caplan and Waters’ model; working memory span did not predict EFTs in more syntactically complex sentences, but effects of working memory span were seen on EFTs based on agency distance, suggesting that working memory resources were in fact required for the comprehension task. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Brandeis University en_US
dc.rights Copyright by Victoria Sorrentino 2017 en_US
dc.subject eye-tracking en_US
dc.subject speech comprehension en_US
dc.subject language comprehension en_US
dc.subject working memory en_US
dc.title Eye Gaze as a Measure of the Effects of Syntactic Complexity and Agency Distance on the Speed of Spoken Language Comprehension: A New Paradigm en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.department Department of Psychology en_US
dc.degree.name MA en_US
dc.degree.level Masters en_US
dc.degree.discipline Psychology en_US
dc.degree.grantor Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences en_US


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