Effects of Hearing Acuity on Recall of Expository Prose

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dc.contributor.advisor Wingfield, Art en_US
dc.contributor.author Sarles-Whittlesey, Heidi
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-22T20:27:45Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-22T20:27:45Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10192/33906
dc.description.abstract The present study examined how memory processes may be impacted by uncorrected hearing loss and increased expenditure of cognitive resources during encoding of spoken prose in older adults (OAs). The effect of self-paced listening on the accuracy of recall was investigated, as well as the relationship between the order of propositions in a passage and the order in which they are recalled. 24 OAs were matched for cognitive ability, but differed in hearing acuity (12 had good hearing acuity (GH); 12 had mild to moderate poor hearing acuity (PH)). Expository passages were presented in a self-paced or continuous listening condition; as well as at +10 dB above each listener’s speech reception threshold (SRT) or at +25 dB above SRT. Results indicated a significant main effect of levels of detail on recall accuracy. Only the PH group’s recall accuracy was significantly impacted by pacing and presentation level. Self-pacing facilitated linear congruency of recall for the GH group only. Lag recency analysis suggested that the GH group formed stronger between-proposition associations than the PH group. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Brandeis University en_US
dc.rights Copyright by Heidi L. Sarles-Whittlesey 2017 en_US
dc.subject aging en_US
dc.subject memory en_US
dc.subject hearing acuity en_US
dc.subject free-recall en_US
dc.subject effortful listening en_US
dc.subject lag recency en_US
dc.subject linear congruency en_US
dc.title Effects of Hearing Acuity on Recall of Expository Prose en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.department Department of Psychology en_US
dc.degree.name MA en_US
dc.degree.level Masters en_US
dc.degree.discipline Psychology en_US
dc.degree.grantor Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences en_US

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