The Influence of Parent-Child Attachment Relationships and Self-Esteem on Adolescents' Engagement in Risky Behaviors

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dc.contributor.advisor Watson, Malcolm Young, Robin E. 2013-05-28T14:52:42Z 2013-05-28T14:52:42Z 2013
dc.description.abstract Risky behaviors are disproportionately responsible for mortality and morbidity among adolescents. This review synthesizes existing research on the influence of parent-child attachment relationships on adolescents’ engagement in hazardous activities in order to elucidate factors that may be influential in preventing harmful behaviors throughout this stage of development. The review also proposes that self-esteem, presumed to be largely formed within the context of the attachment relationship and transmitted into later stages of life via internal working models, may be a mechanism through which parent-child relationships influence participation in risky behaviors during adolescence. Attachment theory is the primary lens through which these associations are explained, but multiple other theories that have endeavored to explain the relation between parent-child relationships, the self-concept, and risk-taking behaviors are also discussed. A great deal of support was found for the proposition that secure attachment relationships and high self-esteem are strong protective factors against involvement in risky behaviors during adolescence, while the opposite is true for insecure attachments and low self-esteem. The finding emerged that adolescents with an avoidant attachment style may be particularly at risk of involvement in externalizing behaviors. In closing, it proposes that examining self-esteem as a moderator between attachment and risky behaviors may be a useful area of investigation in future research on this subject.
dc.description.sponsorship Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Brandeis University
dc.relation.ispartofseries Brandeis University Theses and Dissertations
dc.rights Copyright by Robin E. Young 2013
dc.subject Attachment theory
dc.subject Adolescence
dc.subject Risky behaviors
dc.subject Attachment
dc.subject Development
dc.subject Substance use
dc.subject Substance abuse
dc.subject Self-esteem
dc.subject Family
dc.subject Internal working models
dc.subject Secure attachment
dc.subject Insecure attachment
dc.subject Attachment style
dc.subject Psychology
dc.subject Externalizing behavior
dc.subject Adult attachment
dc.title The Influence of Parent-Child Attachment Relationships and Self-Esteem on Adolescents' Engagement in Risky Behaviors
dc.type Thesis
dc.contributor.department Department of Psychology MA Masters Psychology Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

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