Memory for Object Details in Self- and Other-Referencing

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dc.contributor.advisor Gutchess, Angela Serbun, Sarah J. 2009-08-14T19:58:02Z 2009-08-14T19:58:02Z 2009
dc.description.abstract Self-referencing benefits item memory, but few studies have investigated the level of detail accurately encoded in these memories. Experiment 1a tested the hypothesis that self-referencing would not only enhance general memory for objects but also memory for specific details of objects. Thirty-two American participants encoded objects in reference to either the self, a close other (one’s mother), or a familiar other (Bill Clinton). Following a two-day retention interval, participants indicated whether objects were the same as a previously encoded object, similar to an encoded object, or new. Main effects of encoding Condition and Memory type (Specific, General) emerged. General memory was significantly better than specific memory and objects encoded with the self or mother were better remembered than objects encoded with Clinton. Experiment 1b replicated the study with an East Asian sample and results were compared across culture. Americans performed better than Asians in specific memory but both cultures showed the same memory pattern across encoding conditions. We conclude that self- and mother-referencing only enhance memory for object details for Americans.
dc.description.sponsorship Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Brandeis University
dc.relation.ispartofseries Brandeis University Theses and Dissertations
dc.rights Copyright by Sarah J. Serbun 2009
dc.subject Culture
dc.subject Self-referencing
dc.subject East Asians
dc.subject Object memory
dc.subject Self-reference effect
dc.subject Visual specificity
dc.subject Memory
dc.title Memory for Object Details in Self- and Other-Referencing
dc.type Thesis
dc.contributor.department Department of Psychology MA Masters Psychology Brandeis University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

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